Hello, I'm Oli.
Welcome to Oxford Online English! In this lesson, you can learn about how totalk about your home in English.
Where do you live? What's your home like? What about your neighbourhood? Talking about where you live is a common conversationtopic in English.
So it's good to have some things to say.
Part one: introducing where you live and talkingabout types of home.
Let's start with a simple sentence.
“I live in a.
” what could you put there? You could say, “I live in a house, ” “I livein an apartment.
” In Britain, people sometimes say, “Flat.
” 'Flat' and 'apartment' have the same meaning.
Next, let's add a bit more detail.
What kind of house or apartment is it? For example, “I live in a small, two-stoeryhouse in the suburbs.
” When we say how many floors a building has, we usually use the word storey, so you can say a two-storey house, a four-storey apartmentbuilding and so on.
“I live in an apartment on the third floorof a four-storey building.
” There are many different kinds of house andapartment.
For example, do you live in a terraced house, a semi-detached house, or a detached house? Terraced houses have other houses on bothsides, a semi-detached house has another house just on one side, and a detached house standsby itself.
Detached houses are usually larger and moreexpensive.
Terraced houses are usually smaller and cheaper.
What kinds of houses are more common in yourcountry? What about apartments? Many apartments are in apartment buildings.
Easy enough, right? If you live in a very tall apartment buildingwith many floors, you can say you live in a high-rise in American English or a towerblock in British English.
Sometimes a house is divided into apartments, these are called converted apartments.
Apartments come in many different sizes, ifan apartment just has one room which is a bedroom and living room together, it's calleda studio.
Of course, you can also have bigger apartments, a two-bedroom apartment, a three-bedroom apartment and so on.
Large apartments might be duplex apartments, this means the apartment has more than one floor.
What about you? Where do you live? Do you live in a house or an apartment? Could you make a sentence using the vocabularyfrom this section? For example, “I live in a two-story terracedhouse.
” “I live in an apartment on the 28th floorof a high-rise building.
” “I live in a converted studio apartment.
” Next, let's see how you can describe the insideof your home in more detail.
If you want to describe your home, what canyou talk about? Well, you could start by saying what roomsit has.
For example, “My house has two bedrooms, akitchen, a living room, and a garden.
” It's always better to add adjectives or detailsto make your speaking more interesting.
Let's try: “My house has two small bedrooms, a kitchen with a dining table, a living room with big windows, and a small garden.
” What other rooms might you have in your home? You could have a dining room for people toeat together.
Maybe you have an office or a study whereyou can work, if you live in a warmer country, you might have a balcony or a terrace whereyou can sit outside in warmer weather.
What about your home? What does it have? Does your home have a garden, a balcony, oranother outdoor area? Try to make a sentence describing your home.
For example, “I live in a two-bedroom apartment.
The bedrooms are quite small, but there'sa big living room with a dining area, a modern kitchen, and also a small balcony where wecan sit outside in the summer.
” What can you say about your home? Okay, next, saying what you like or dislike.
So now you can hopefully describe your homea little bit, but what about your opinion? What do you like about your home, and whatwould you change if you could? Positive words you could use to describe yourhome include 'spacious', meaning large with lots of room; 'cosy' which means comfortablein a warm welcoming way; 'light' describes a home which gets lot of natural light.
You can say your home is 'warm' or 'cool', meaning that it's comfortable in winter or in summer.
Finally, you can describe your home as 'convenient', meaning it's close to your job, it's close to the shops, it's close to your children'sschool and so on.
You can use 'convenient' plus 'for.
' For example, “it's convenient for the subway, “or “it's convenient for my office.
” Could you use any of these words to describeyour home? Okay, but what if you don't like your home? Well, here are some words you could use: 'cramped'means your home is too small, so you don't have enough space.
'Dark' means your home doesn't get enoughlight, so that even when it's sunny outside, it's still dark inside.
'Drafty' means cold air comes inside throughthe windows or through the doors in the winter.
'Stuffy' means there's not enough air so it'svery uncomfortable in hot weather.
You could say your home is 'noisy', for exampleif you live near a main road, your home might be noisy even at night.
Can you make a sentence about your home usingsome of these words? For example, “My home is light and spacious, but it can get very drafty in the winter.
” “I like my apartment because it's cosy, althoughit can be noisy because there's a restaurant just downstairs.
” Okay, so now you can talk about your homeand what you think of it.
What else can you say on this topic? Let's look, part four: saying who you livewith.
Who do you live with? Do live with your parents, your husband orwife, with your family? Do you live by yourself or do you live withflatmates (people who you share a rented flat with)? Maybe you live with friends.
Let's look at examples of what you could sayhere.
“I live with my parents.
” “I live in a shared house; I have four flatmates.
” “I live by myself.
” What about you? Okay, that was easy.
Let's look at one more topic you can talkabout.
Part five: talking about your neighbourhood.
First, be careful with the word 'neighbourhood'.
A neighbourhood is not a person; it's thearea near your home.
So where is your home? Is it in the city centre, the suburbs, oroutside the city? If you live outside the city, do you liveon the outskirts of the city, in a village, or in the middle of nowhere? How could you describe your neighbourhood? Is it quiet or lively? Trendy or boring? Are there many shops, cafes, bars, restaurants? Are there parks or sports facilities? For example, you could say, “I live in a verylively area just south of the city center.
There are many cafes, shops, and places togo.
” Or, “I live in a quiet area in the suburbs, in the north of the city.
It's a nice area and it's quiet, but it'sa bit boring.
There isn't really anything to do.
” What about you? Can you say something about your neighborhood? Okay, finally let's put everything together.
If you can use everything we've looked atin this lesson, you should be able to speak very clearly and with lots of details aboutyour home and where you live.
For example, “I live in a two-story terracedhouse.
It has two bedrooms, a living room, a smallkitchen, and a garden.
It's cosy and convenient for getting to work, but it's a bit cramped, especially when we have guests.
I live with my wife and daughter.
Our house is near the city centre in a quietneighborhood.
There isn't much to do, but there are somesmall shops and a park where we go if the weather's nice.
” Here's one more sample answer: “I live bymyself in a studio apartment.
It just has one main room with a tiny kitchen.
It's very warm in winter, but it can get abit stuffy in summer.
I live in the city center, very close to everything.
It's very lively, with lots of bars and restaurants.
It's a good place for young people to live, but not many families choose to live here.
” What about you? Can you make an answer like this talking aboutwhere you live? Try to use as much language from the lessonas you can.
Okay, that's the end of the lesson.
Thanks very much for watching.
You can see more of our free English lessonson our website, oxfordonlineenglish.
com, but that's all.
I'll see you next time.